In 2019, the Benxi Steel Group was the 19th largest steelmaker in the world, producing ~16 million tonnes (mt) of steel.
The timeline below covers the history of the firm.
1905: The Japanese open a coal mine at Benxi.
1910: Mine becomes a Sino-Japanese joint venture.
1931: Falls under Japanese control after occupation of Manchuria.
1948: Business returns to Chinese control.
1953: Coal mine spun off and sold as Benxi Mining Bureau.
1955: Gov invests in Liaoning iron and steelmaking.
1995: Creation of Benxi Iron and Steel (Group) Mining Co Ltd.
1997: Formation of Benxi Steel Plates Co Ltd.
2005: Prematurely announces merger with Anshan I&S.
2008: Mulls commencement of stainless steel production.
2010: Benxi Steel completes acquisition of Beitai Steel.
2011: Pursues expansion plans in stainless steelmaking.
2017: BF fire shuts one third of Bengang iron capacity.
2019: Confirms abandonment of Anshan merger plan.
2020: Commissions high-grade steel slab caster supplied by SMS.
2021: Press reports talk of renewed merger plans with Anshan Iron and Steel.
2021: Anshan Iron & Steel acquires major equity stake in Benxi Steel.
1910: This JV was named as the Benxi Lake Commercial Coal Mining Company Limited.
1955: Much of this investment, based on open-hearth furnace steelmaking, was made with technical support from the USSR.
1995: The Benxi Iron and Steel (Group) Mining Co operates several iron ore mines, including the Nanfen Open-Pit Mine, the Waitoushan iron mine, and iron ore mining at Jiajiapu.
1997: Beitai Iron & Steel Group Co, Ltd was incorporated as a limited liability company in Benxi, Liaoning Province, China, in 1997.
1997: Plate business is also known as the Bengang Steel Plates Co Ltd.
2005: The merger of Benxi and Anshan Steel did not in the end take place. The newly-formed entity was to have been called the Anben Iron & Steel Group, and would have been the third largest steelmaker in China after Hebei Iron and Steel Group and Baosteel Group.
2010: The Benxi Steel Group [Bengang Group] was formed as a holding company for the Benxi Iron and Steel (Group) Co Ltd and for the Beitai Iron and Steel (Group) Co Ltd.
2019: Benxi Steel and Ansteel are located in northeast China’s Liaoning province. Benxi is backed by the provincial government and Ansteel is backed by Beijing. Rumours about a potential merger between the two groups have continued since 2005 but were finally denied by Benxi's Chairman Chen Jizhuang in March 2019.
2020: New single-strand slab caster to be installed at Benxi in north-east China is designed for annual production of ~1.6 million tonnes of slabs of 230-250 millimeter thickness and 1000-1900 millimeters width. Commissioning is scheduled for the end of 2020.
2021: If it did take place, a merger of the two Chinese steel giants Anshan Iron and Steel Group and Benxi Steel Group - a move discussed since the early 2000s - would create the world's third largest steelmaker.
2021: In August 2021, China's Liaoning province transferred its 51% share stake in Benxi Iron & Steel, or Bengang, to central government-owned Anshan Iron & Steel for free, thus effecting the takeover.