World coke plants
The chart illustrates the locations of ~400 metallurgical coke plants. Roughly 35% of the world's coke plants are to be found in China, with India (~10% of plants) the next most popular location. The largest facilities are to be found in Japan [JFE Steel, West Works Kurashiki and Fukuyama, each with ~4.5 mt/year coke capacity] with Poland's Zdieszowice plant notable also in terms of size [capacity of ~4.4 mt/year].
Chinese seamless tube plants
Approx ~64 seamless tube plants can be identified in China. The Tianjin Pipe Plant [capacity ~2.8 mt/year] appears to be amongst the largest of these facilities. Some plants however (including those of Changcheng Steel, Guangxi Liuzhou Iron & Steel, Guangzhou Iron & Steel Enterprise Group, Jiangsu Xigang, Tangshan Jianlong Industry, Kunming Iron & Steel Group, Bohai Drill Pipe, Fushun Special Steel and Yantai Steel) may not currently be operational.
There are ~53 producers of engineering steel
) bar in Europe [counting Europe as Western, Central and Eastern Europe but excluding Turkey]. The Metalloinvest Urals Steel SBQ
plant at Stary Oskol [capacity ~1mt / year of engineering steel bar] is the largest of these plants, with the Mittal Ruhrort facility in Germany [SBQ
capacity ~0.85 mt bar / year] in number two position. Ascometal's Le Cheylas facility was mothballed in 2011 and its present status is still uncertain.
Middle East direct reduction plants
There are ~33 producers of direct reduced iron
in the Middle East. Of these, ~13 DRI
facilities are in Iran [where capacity at Mobarakeh Steel dominates], 6 in Egypt and 5 in Saudi Arabia.
Indian induction furnace locations
Induction furnaces were first installed in India to make stainless steel from imported scrap. Their use evolved in the early 1980s into production of mild steel, the popularity of the induction melting furnace being driven by relatively low capital and operating costs [compared to EAF
There are currently several hundred induction furnaces
in India. Although their distribution around the country is fairly uniform, some ~20% of induction furnaces are based in each of the Maharashtra and Punjab states.
USA zinc coating lines [HDG
We consider that there are ~48 zinc coating lines in the United States of America. The average capacity of these lines is ~550kt zinc coated coil or sheet / year. The largest facilities are the AK Steel plant at Middletown in southwest Ohio [capacity ~1.6 mt/year], the Severstal facility at Sparrows Point [Zn coating capacity ~1.4 mt/year] and US Steel's Midwest galvanising plant at Portage, Indiana [capacity 1.2 mt/year].
Welded tube producers in Central & Eastern Europe
There are ~50 producers of welded tube and pipe in Central and Eastern Europe. The larger producers include the Vyksa Metallurgical Works in Russia [part of the United Metallurgical Company or OMK Group] with ~3.3 mt / year welded pipe capacity; and the Khartsyzk Tube & Pipe Works in the Ukraine [owned by the Metinvest Group] with ~2.6 mt/year of production capacity.
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