Steel industry news and business information website.
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This website is owned and operated by UK-based Metals Consulting International Ltd.
Our main business activity is steel industry capital investment appraisal.

WORLD STEEL INDUSTRY NEWS

iron ore
Visit us for iron ore industry news

The extraordinary journey of iron ore - Hamilton Spectator
Sat 6th Feb 2016 08:43 GMT
In the bitter cold of December, less than two months ago, Victoria Piersig undertook an extraordinary 10-day journey following a shipment of iron ore from the ArcelorMittal mine in the far northern reaches of Quebec to the company's Hamilton steel mill [full report]
Government imposes minimum import price on 173 steel ...
Sat 6th Feb 2016 05:01 GMT
This measure will ensure a level-playing field to the Indian steel industry which has been adversely affected by dumped imports from various sources. We hope that this will suitably address the concern of surging cheap imports,' Shivramkrishnan [full report]

construction.jpg
We bring you construction-related news


Display above shows selected steel news reports only. For all of today's steel news (including the most recent news), visit our steel news page.



STEEL INDUSTRY HEALTH MONITOR

WORLD STEEL PRICES
hrc prices
$350/t
$1000/t
HRC price data
Current price: ~$375/t


STEEL CAPACITY EXCESS
world crude steel capacity excess
0 mt
700 mt
Global steel capacity data
Current excess: ~640 mt


IRON ORE PRICES
iron ore prices
$35/t
$155/t
Iron ore price data
Current price: ~$40/t


Charts above summarise the status of the industry worldwide as at February 2016. Steel price data is for hot rolled coil, with gauge indicating current export fob price in US $/metric tonne within a 10 year context. Current world steel capacity excess is shown at crude steel level in millions of metric tonnes. Iron ore price figures are for Chinese imported iron ore fines (62% Fe spot, CFR Tianjin port), in $ per metric tonne; gauge also shows the current iron ore price in the context of prices seen in the last 10 years.

Red zone on the gauges indicates a position of poor profitability and the danger of business collapse for steel makers and / or iron ore producers. Green zone is associated with strong industry profitability.

Verdict: With steel prices close to a 10 year low - reflecting a capacity excess of over 600 million tonnes of steel - the steel industry is at a crisis point. Upstream, the position is just as dire: with iron ore prices around $40/t, financial collapse of many higher-cost mines must be inevitable.




SELECTED IRON & STEEL COMPANY SHARE PRICES


ArcelorMittal SA (ADR)
Last 12 months

arcelormittal share price
Source:Google Finance, NYSE:MT. Currency:$
United States Steel Corp
Last 12 months

uss stock price
Source:Google Finance, NYSE:X. Currency:$

Vale SA (ADR)
Last 12 months

vale share price
Source:Google Finance, NYSE:VALE. Currency:$
Nucor Corporation
Last 12 months

nucor stock price
Source:Google Finance, NYSE:NUE. Currency:$

For related stock charts, visit Google Finance




STEEL INDUSTRY CONFERENCE INFORMATION


Steelonthenet.com conference advertisingConference Title: Global Iron Ore & Steel Forecast Conference
Venue: Hyatt Regency Hotel, Perth, Australia
Start: Tue, 08 Mar 2016
Finish: Wed, 09 Mar 2016
Organiser: Informa
Contact: Tel: +61 2 9080 4307

Description: The 19th Annual Global Iron Ore & Steel Forecast Conference & Exhibition will be held in Perth on the 8-9 March 2016. This event is renowned as one of the world's largest gatherings of senior iron ore and steel executives with thousands of industry personnel attending it over the years. It is recognised as the conference that delivers vital information on the status of the global iron ore and steel sectors [conference info]

For more steel industry events, visit our steel conferences page.




NORTH AMERICAN STEEL NEWS


Canada Must Act Now to Save Steel Industry - Raise the ...
Fri 5th Feb 2016 15:31 GMT
'Canada's future prosperity requires a domestic steel industry as a critical component of an advanced manufacturing economy,' said the union in the event posting for the rally. 'Our families and communities need urgent action from our federal and [industry news]

Canada must act now to save its steel-making industry ...
Fri 5th Feb 2016 15:12 GMT
'Canada's future prosperity requires a domestic steel industry as a critical component of an advanced manufacturing economy,' said the union in the event posting for the rally. 'Our families and communities need urgent action from our federal and [industry news]

Steel Dynamics Grinding Through The Lows - Seeking Alpha
Fri 5th Feb 2016 14:25 GMT
Very weak steel prices and lower shipments led to double-digit declines in revenue and EBITDA at Steel Dynamics. A shift towards greater auto sales represents a growth opportunity, as does an improving construction sector, but weak energy and heavy [industry news]

For latest reports visit North American steel news.



OTHER REGIONAL STEEL NEWS

ASIA-PACIFIC STEEL NEWS


steelworker

Specialty steel Prices hit 9-year low on weak construction ...
Fri 5th Feb 2016 18:58 GMT
TOKYO -- Specialty steel prices have fallen to their lowest in nine years due to sluggish demand for construction and mining equipment as building slows in China and resource prices slide. Prices for structural steel, the specialty steel most produced [see article]

India sets minimum import price for some steel products ...
Fri 5th Feb 2016 15:50 GMT
India sets minimum import price for some steel products. Rising imports, especially from China, have been a concern for India. The Reuters - photo shows a worker walking past a pile of steel pipe products at the yard of Youfa steel pipe plant in China's [see article]

MENA STEEL NEWS


Kumba to take FY earnings hit on low iron-ore prices
Tue 2nd Feb 2016 10:31 GMT
JSE-listed Kumba Iron Ore has reiterated its warning of plunging earnings as iron-ore prices hurt the bottom line. Kumba, which would release its results for the 2015 financial year on February 9, noted in an updated trading statement on Tuesday that its headline earnings would be between R3.6-billion and R3.8-billion and its basic earnings between R440-million and R487-million.[see article]

Anglo American boosts iron ore output thanks to Minas-Rio ...
Thu 28th Jan 2016 11:23 GMT
JOHANNESBURG - Global mining company Anglo American produced more iron ore last year after increased production at its Minas-Rio mine in Brazil offset lower output from its Kumba subsidiary in South Africa. Production at Kumba Iron Ore fell seven [see article]

To see other steel sector news reports, check out our other steel industry news pages.



SELECTED STEEL INDUSTRY MAPS


Chinese seamless tube mills
Chinese seamless tube mills

For other steel location maps, visit our steel industry maps page.




Q&As

QUESTION AND ANSWER SECTION


Question: Explain the term 'AOD'?
Answer: Argon-Oxygen Decarburisation. A secondary steelmaking process in which oxygen and argon are blown into the molten steel. Enables carbon to be removed without oxidising chromium. Main method of refining stainless steel (see also VOD).

Question: Explain the term 'Steckel Mill'?
Answer: Sheet rolling mill that reduces steel gauge by repeated reversal of rolling action. Heated coil boxes at each end allow the steel to be reheated prior to each reversing pass through the Steckel mills stands.

Question: Explain the term 'Corex®'?
Answer: Reduction process for production of hot metal from iron ore using coal. Key advantages over traditional integrated steelmaking include the ability to use non-coking coal [eliminating the need for coke batteries] and the ability to iron ore pellets [eliminating the need for sinter plant].

For more definitions, visit our glossary of steel terms page.




KPIs

KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS



Plant or Equipment
KPI Item
KPI Value
Bar mill
Electric use
110 kWh/t
Induction furnace
T2T time
120 min
HDG line [contin]
Yield
99 %
Electric arc furnace
CO2 prodn
0.24 t/t
Hot strip mill
Op time
300 days/yr

For more KPI data, please visit our online store.




CAPEX

STEEL INDUSTRY CAPITAL INVESTMENT COSTS



INTEGRATED SLAB PLANT

BOF-cc-slab
All cost estimates are in 2016 US dollars.
For further info visit our steel capex page.

Capital costs describe investment for an integrated slab plant with continuous casting, typically with coke, sinter etc. Representative investments include:

  • CSA slab mill investment in Sepetiba, Brazil
  • CSN investment in Itaguai, Brazil
  • CVRD-Baosteel joint venture in Vitoria, Espirito Santo in Brazil
  • Sinosteel Corporation's investment in Jharkand, India

Average cost: $4300m
Average capacity: 4210 kt
Sample size: 12
Average cost/tonne: $1050/t


INTEGRATED HOT STRIP MILL

BOF-cc-hsm
All cost estimates are in 2016 US dollars.
For further info visit our steel capex page.

Chart describes investments in ore-based integrated steel plants with hot strip production and sometimes other additional downstream rolling capability. Typical examples include:

  • Wuhan Iron & Steel investment in Fangchengang Port in China
  • ArcelorMittal investment in Karnataka, India
  • Tata Steel joint venture with VSC & Vicem for investment in Vung Ang in Vietnam

Average cost: $7560m
Average capacity: 6660 kt
Sample size: 16
Average cost/tonne: $1200/t

Notes
Analyses above were last updated in November 2015. For further item-specific capital investment data covering sinter, coke, DRI, blast furnaces, BOF plants, EAFs, induction furnaces, slab casting, billet and bloom casting, plate, hot rolled coil, cold rolled coil, hot dip galvanised sheet, tin plate, organic coated sheet, heavy sections, steel bar, wire rod, drawn wire, welded tube, seamless tube, pellets, washed coal, lime, PCI, air separation, power plant etc see our steel capex database page.




STEEL INDUSTRY EMPLOYMENT BENCHMARKS



steel industry employment benchmarks

Chart above shows year 2015 employment levels at 114 different steel firms around the world - companies that make flat, long and/or tubular carbon steel products. An average steel producer with a production capacity of ~3 mt steel/year typically thus has ~4000 employees. If your steel company employs more than this, please call us - our technical experts can assist with steel plant productivity improvement.

To discuss the interpretation of this chart and/or further information (including employment benchmarks for specialty steel production) please email us at the address shown at the foot of the page.




INDUSTRY FORECASTS FOR 2016+

Table below shows global crude steel production volumes and capacity figures - as assessed by World Steel Association and by the OECD - and resulting calculation of steelmaking capacity utilisation. The overall picture for 2016 as compared to 2015 is that the global capacity surplus will get worse, with excess global capacity increasing from ~638 to ~667 million tonnes and global stelemaking capacity utilisation falling by ~0.7% in 2016.



Year
Production
million t
Capacity
million t
Capacity
Utilisation
2012
1560
2100
74.3%
2013
1650
2160
76.4%
2014
1670
2240
74.6%
2015
1642
2280
72.0%
2016
1653
2320
71.3%
Source: MCI analysis. Table last updated 15-Nov-15.

Graph below shows the relationship between steel prices and the global level of capacity utilisation - and indicates (both for HRC and for rebar) that prices fall ~$27/tonne per 1% drop in capacity utilisation.



world steel price levels

On the basis of the anticipated fall in 2016 of world capacity utilisation from 2015 levels of approx 0.7% (see table), MCI's consultants consider that world steel prices in 2016 will be ~$20/tonne below 2015 prices. For other products and / or for 2017+ forecasts, please contact us.